Dachshund Breed Facts

  • Average Weight: 16-32 pounds (standard), no more than 11 pounds (miniature)
  • Energy Level: Medium to High
  • Lifespan: 12-16 years
  • Temperament: Clever, Lively, Stubborn
  • Colors: Red, Black & Tan, Pointed
  • Hypoallergenic: No

Dachshund Breed Overview

The name Dachshund is of German origin and literally means “badger dog.”

Thanks to their disproportionately large paws that are paddle-shaped and particularly suitable for digging, the standard-sized Dachshund was developed to scent, chase, and flush out badgers and other burrow-dwelling animals. The miniature counterpart was designed to do the same, only with smaller animals, like rabbits and mice.

Also known as the wiener dog or sausage dog, these short-legged, long-bodied, hound-type dogs come in three coats: smooth-haired, wire-haired, or long-haired.

What is the Dachshund Temperament?

Dachshunds are playful, but are quite stubborn, making them difficult to train. Never shy, Dachshunds are happy to play, burrow, and dig while enjoying time with their owners.

Although smaller in size and consistently playful with their families, Dachshunds can be aggressive to strangers and other dogs.

What are the Proper Dachshund Grooming Tips & Care?

Proper grooming for Dachshunds is dictated by their coat.

  • Shorthaired dachshunds require the least grooming, and regular brushing with a soft-bristle brush will be sufficient for coat care.
  • Wirehaired Dachshunds need frequent brushing, especially in high shedding seasons like spring and fall.
  • Longhaired Dachshunds need to be regularly brushed and then combed, and often require matted hair to be untangled by hand before combing through smoothly.

Check the dog’s ears, eyes, and paws regularly to make sure they are clean, and get their nails clipped regularly.

What are Dachshund Health Conditions?

Dachshunds are prone to spinal problems, especially intervertebral disk. The risk may be compounded by obesity, jumping, or intense exercise, which places greater strain on the vertebrae.

Other dachshund health problems include dental issues, various allergies and atopies, and eye conditions, as well as hereditary epilepsy.

What is the Proper Dachshund Diet?

Dachshunds have the propensity to become overweight easily, so it is important to monitor their food intake vs. their activity.

Dachshunds will eat dry, wet, raw, or homecooked food. No matter which you choose, ensure they provide complete nutrition, including meat, grains, and vitamins. Miniature dachshunds need less food than standards, with adults generally consuming two meals a day and puppies at least three.

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